McCook I DD- 252 - History

McCook I DD- 252 - History

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McCook I
(DD-252: dp. 1,190 1. 314'.", b. 31'S", dr. 0'3", s. 35 k.
cpl. 120; a. 4 4 ', 2 3", 12 21" tt., cl. Clemson)

McCook (DD-252) was laid down 10 September 1918 at the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Quincy, Mass.; launched 31 January 1018'- sponsored by Mrs. Henry C. Dinger; and commissioned 30 April 1010, Lt. Comdr. G. B. Islle, in command.

Following shakedown, McCook was assigned to Destroyer Force, Atlantic Fleet She operated along the east coast until decommissioning at Philadelphia 30 June 1922. She remained in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet until recommissioned 18 December 1930. The next year McCook was designated for exchange under the destroyers for bases agreement with Great Britain. Steaming to Halifax, she arrived 20 September 1940. Decommissioned on the 24th she was transferred to Great Britain on the same date, but due to manpower shortages in the Royal Navy, she was re transferred immediately to the Canadian Navy and commissioned as HMCS St. Croix ( I-81) .

Delayed by repairs necessitated by hurricane damage, on 14 March 1041 St. Croix assumed escort and patrol duties in Canadian waters. At the end of August she joined the Newfoundland Escort Force and plied between St. John's and ReykJavik. By May 1942 the force had been renamed the Mid-Ocean Escort Force and its range extended to Londonderry.

St. Crois scored her first kill when she sank U-90 on 24 July 1942, which, with other U-boats, had attacked her convoy, ON 113, on the 23d, sinking two merchantmen and damaging a third. On the return voyage, convoy ON 127 was attacked by 13 U-boats. Between 10 and 14 September 11 merchantmen and one destroyer was lost. Revenge came to St. croix the following year. En route from Londonderry to Gibraltar on 4 March 1043 with convoy KMS 10, she assisted HMCS Shediac (K-100) in the sinking of U-87 some 200 miles off the Iberian coast.

With the addition of air escort to convoy defense in 1043, U-boat tolls in the North Atlantic diminished and many of the boats were withdrawn during the summer. In the fall, however, Gemlany began a new l,-boat offensive. On I0 September, St. Croix, then on her first patrol with an offensive striking group in the Bay of Biscay, went to the aid ol' convoy ONS 18, followed by ON 202, both heavily beset by a wolfpack. The defense of' these convoys resulted in a long running battle with losses to both sides . The convoys lost three escorts and six merchantmen, while two other escorts were damaged. The wolf'pack lost three U-boats.

St. Croix, taking three hits in the stern on the 20th, was the first escort to bl sunk. HMS Polganthus (K-47) was sunk as she came up to screen HMS Itchen's rescue operations. Itchen (K-227), forced to retire that evening, returned the next morning and picked up 81 survivors from St. Crois and one from Polganthu. The following day, 22 September, Itchen was torpedoed. Three men were rescued, two from Itchen, one from St. Croix.

USS McCook (DD-252)

USS McCook (DD-252) là một tàu khu trục lớp Clemson được Hải quân Hoa Kỳ chế tạo vào cuối Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ nhất. Trong Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ hai, nó được chuyển cho Hải quân Hoàng gia Canada và được đổi tên thành HMCS St. Croix (I81), và đã tiếp tục hoạt động cho đến khi bị tàu ngầm U-boat Đức đánh chìm tại Đại Tây Dương năm 1943. Nó là chiếc tàu chiến đầu tiên của Hải quân Hoa Kỳ được đặt tên theo Trung tá Hải quân Roderick S. McCook (1839 – 1886).


United States Navy

Après sa croisière inaugurale, le McCook est affecté à la force de destroyers de l'Atlantic Fleet. Il opère le long de la côte est jusqu'au 30 juin 1922 , date à laquelle il est retiré du service à Philadelphie. Le destroyer stationne dans l'United States Navy reserve fleets jusqu'à sa remise en service le 18 décembre 1939 . L'année suivante, le McCook est l'un des cinquante destroyers désigné pour un échange dans le cadre de l'accord Destroyers for Bases Agreement avec la Grande-Bretagne. Le navire arrive à Halifax, en Nouvelle-Écosse, le 20 septembre 1940 . Désarmé le 24 septembre , il est transféré à la Grande-Bretagne le même jour, mais en raison des pénuries de main-d'œuvre dans la Royal Navy, le navire est immédiatement retransféré dans la Royal Canadian Navy et finalement remis en service sous le nom de HMCS St. Croix (I81).

Royal Canadian Navy

Le 14 mars 1941 , le St. Croix débute ses missions d'escorte et de patrouille dans les eaux canadiennes. À la fin d'août, il rejoint la Newfoundland Escort Force et fait la navette entre Saint-Jean de Terre-Neuve et Reykjavik. En mai 1942 , la force est rebaptisée Mid-Ocean Escort Force.

Le 24 juillet 1942 , le St. Croix coule le submersible allemand U-90 ayant attaqué son convoi (ON 113) en tactique militaire Rudeltaktik. Au retour, le convoi ON 127 est attaqué par 13 U-Boote. Entre le 10 septembre et le 14 septembre , onze navires marchand et un destroyer ont été perdus.

Lors d'un transit avec le convoi KMS 10 entre Londonderry et Gibraltar le 4 mars 1943 , le St. Croix et la corvette HMCS Shediac coulent l'U-87 à 200 milles au large de la péninsule Ibérique.

Le 16 septembre 1943 , le St. Croix mène sa première patrouille avec une force opérationnelle offensive dans le golfe de Gascogne lorsqu'il est appelé au secours des convois ONS 18 et ON 202, attaqués par plusieurs Rudeltaktik. La défense de ces convois entraîne une longue bataille avec des pertes des deux côtés. Quatre jours plus tard, le St. Croix se dirige vers les lieux pour bombarder les sous-marins, il ralentit pour établir un contact par sonar et deux torpille G7es tirées par l'U-305 l’atteignent juste au moment où il ralentissait. Mortellement atteint, il envoie son dernier message que personne n’a jamais compris : « Je quitte le bureau ». Quelques secondes après, une troisième torpille touche la poupe du navire et l’on entend une terrible explosion. Des flammes s’élancent vers le ciel, en trois minutes, le destroyer canadien disparaît, emportant avec lui le commandant et de nombreux membres de l’équipage.

Lors de la bataille, les convois perdirent trois escortes et six navires marchands, deux escortes étant endommagés. Le Rudeltaktik perdit trois U-Boote.

So, what happened to the original Mandy on Last Man Standing?

According to TVLine, the original Mandy, Molly Ephraim left Last Man Standing because she thought it was being cancelled for good and took on other opportunities. The show&aposs EP, Matt Berry, stated that, "When the show was cancelled. [Molly] got involved in some different things, so when [Last Man Standing] came back, she was not able to do it." He added, "We love her deeply. She&aposs a big part of who we were. But [it&aposs] exciting for us to look around and see who we can get to play that character. We want someone to come in and not play Molly Ephraim. We want somebody to come in and play Mandy."

And that someone was Molly McCook. The backlash was so swift, that Molly E. deleted her Twitter account (and seemingly hasn&apost brought it back). As for Molly M., she opened up about the change in 2018, explaining that the response from fans initially really hurt her feelings. "At first, I took it pretty personally. Then I realized that. the people who are trolling and being very negative are never going to be happy with such a big change. But the hardcore fans of the show have been extremely supportive, which was so helpful," she told Country Living.

[5472 x 3783]Four-Piper Friday! HMCS St. Croix, circa 1941, at Reykjavik, Iceland. She had previously been USS McCook (DD-252), and transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy in 1940. Note camouflage.

Some more info: On September 20, 1943, St. Croix was steaming north from the Bay of Biscay to aid convoys ONS-18 and ON-202, both of which were under attack by a wolfpack. While en-route, she was struck by two German acoustic torpedoes fired by U-305. She survived these initial hits, only for the U-Boat to hit her again. This time the blow was fatal and St. Croix sank, casting many of her crew into the sea.

Later that night, HMS Itchen, a River-class frigate, and HMS Polyanthus, a Flower-class corvette, attempted a rescue. However, Polyanthus was sunk by U-952 and Itchen was forced to withdraw. She returned to the scene the next day and rescued 81 men from St. Croix and one from Polyanthus.

Tragically, Itchen would also fall prey to a U-boat when she was torpedoed and sunk by U-666 on September 22. Only three men, two from Itchen and one St. Croix sailor survived they were rescued by a Polish merchant ship.

McCook I DD- 252 - History

A Tin Can Sailors
Destroyer History

Named for Civil War hero Commander William B. Renshaw, the DD-499 was launched 13 October and commissioned 5 December 1942. She reported to the Pacific Fleet in the spring of 1943 to screen transports off the Solomons followed in July by bombardment of the Vila Stanmore and Shortland Islands. Over the winter of 1942-43, her guns pounded targets in Empress Augusta Bay, on northeast Bougainville, Buka and Green Islands, and Bougainville Island itself. Again, during landings in the New Britain-New Ireland area, her fire hit enemy airfield installations and a gun emplacement. By the summer of 1944, she was off Tinian supporting U.S. forces under a heavy counterattack with regular and illuminating fire. She was close enough to shore for her lookouts to see bodies and machine guns in the debris tossed into the air by successful hits. Near Ormoc Bay that November, the RENSHAW and other destroyers engaged and sank a surfaced Japanese submarine and went on to destroy an enemy barge.

While on convoy duty in the Mindanao Sea on the morning of 21 February 1945, lookouts aboard the RENSHAW spotted a periscope, but before the ship could take evasive action, the torpedo hit, exploding on contact about ten feet below the waterline. Nineteen of her crew were killed, twenty injured. The explosion tore a twenty-six-foot hole in the hull, twisted the keel, damaged bulkheads and decks and caused flooding in the forward engine room and after fire room. Almost immediately, the ship lost power. Quick action by damage control parties greatly reduced the flooding, prevented damage to the ship’s main propulsion machinery, and restored power. Later, after temporary repairs by the ship’s crew and those on the destroyer tender WHITNEY (AD-4) and repair ship PROMETHEUS (AR-3), the RENSHAW was able to proceed under her own power to Tacoma, Washington, for permanent repairs. On Navy Day, 27 October 1945, she was in New York Harbor with President Harry S. Truman aboard as he reviewed the victory parade of ships on the Hudson River.

Decommissioned in February 1947, she was placed in reserve until 1949 when she received the latest antisubmarine armament and electronic detection gear and was redesignated escort destroyer DDE-499. She was recommissioned in June 1950 and, with the coming of war in Korea, was back in action in May 1951. Much of her time was spent in shelling the enemy rail line between Sonjin and Ilsin Dong and railway targets in the Tanchon area. On the morning of 11 October 1951, the RENSHAW was on a bombardment mission when a quartermaster on the bridge noticed large camouflage screens sliding down a 200-foot bluff adjacent to her target. Thus revealed was battery of four guns, which opened fire as their camouflage slipped away. The first two salvos were short, the next two were long and peppered the bridge and midships areas from the waterline to the topmast radar with shrapnel. Topside damage to the ship was superficial, and the one sailor who was hit suffered only slight wounds. The rest of some thirty salvos fell short as the destroyer took evasive action and blasted the enemy guns. Her fourth salvo struck an enemy gun emplacement and blew it and its crew out of their cave and down the bluff into the water, making the RENSHAW the first ship to sink an enemy shore battery. Now 6,000 yards offshore, beyond the range of enemy guns, she was joined by the ERBEN (DD-631). As the two moved in toward shore, the RENSHAW’s gunners fired on the remaining gun emplacements and the ERBEN’s knocked out the bridges that the shore batteries had tried to protect. She was back in icy Korean waters in December 1952, when she rescued four survivors of a downed navy patrol bomber as part of escort, search and rescue, and bombardment duties that continued into June 1953.

The following spring, she served with the Surface Security Unit for nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll, and that summer, rescued a British airman while serving as plane guard for the carrier HMS WARRIOR. She continued regular Far East deployments for hunter-killer and task force exercises into 1961. That December, she recovered the satellite nose cone of DISCOVERER 36 north of Oahu. In August 1962, she was redesignated DD-499 and in October participated in the recovery of Mercury astronaut Walter M. Schirra. In April 1965, the RENSHAW and other units of Destroyer Division 252 were on station in the South China Sea off Vietnam serving in surveillance roles and supporting carrier strike force operations. Following a stint with the Taiwan Patrol Force, she returned to the coast of Vietnam for surveillance with the BENNINGTON (CVS-20) and ASWGROUP 5. Beginning in August 1966, she served at various times with the KEARSARGE (CVS-33), ORISKANY (CVA-34), FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (CVA-42), and CHICAGO (CG-11) participated in antisubmarine warfare exercises patrolled the Taiwan Strait and fought fifty-knot winds and high seas of tropical storm Olga. Her next service in the Tonkin Gulf was in 1968 and again in 1969 when she rescued a downed pilot. During these tours, she operated with the BUCHANAN (DDG-14), GEORGE K. MACKENZIE (DD-836), ROWAN (DD-782), and HAMNER (DD-718) as well as the EPPERSON (DD-719), NICHOLAS (DD-449), and COCHRANE (DDG-21).

McCook I DD- 252 - History

Lansdowne disembarks the Japanese surrender party for transfer to USS Missouri at Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945.

Click on any image to view it in more detail.

Named for the commanding officer of the first US rigid airship, Shenandoah, who lost his life when she crashed in a storm in 1925, Lansdowne was laid down with Duncan at Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Kearny, New Jersey on 31 July 1941 the two were also launched the same day, 20 February 1942. Lansdowne commissioned 28 April 1942, the 41st ship of the combined Benson-Gleaves class.

Like other ships of Destroyer Squadron 12 from Federal commissioned that spring, Lansdowne completed shakedown along the Atlantic seaboard. Unlike others, she earned three battle stars for anti-submarine action before transiting to the Pacific, and was credited with sinking U-153 off Panama, 13 July.

On 6 September, Lansdowne joined Wasp&rsquos Task Force 18 with Laffey, Duncan, and cruisers Salt Lake City and Helena. Nine days later, when Wasp was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine (in a spread that also hit O&rsquoBrien, escorting Hornet nearby), Lansdowne took aboard aboard 460 of her 1,946 survivors, then scuttled her with torpedoes.

Lansdowne&rsquos record in the Guadalcanal campaign was representative of her squadron&mdashalthough she missed the Battle of Cape Esperance with flagship Farenholt, Laffey, Duncan, Buchanan and McCalla in October&mdashuntil she grounded in the Russell Islands 26 February, damaging both screws. Repaired in April at San Francisco, she operated in the Aleutian Islands beginning in May, then rejoined the squadron at Espiritu Santo in July.

Action for the remainder of 1943 reflected the progress of operations in the Solomon Islands&mdashanti-shipping, bombardment and escort duty to Vella Lavella in September, to Bougainville beginning in November and to Green Island and the approaches to Rabaul in early 1944.

In February, the squadron&mdashnow Farenholt, Buchanan, Woodworth, Lansdowne and Lardner&mdashcarried out raids on Rabaul 18 February and Kavieng a week later, when Lansdowne sank a 6,800-ton Japanese cargo ship.

Lansdowne at Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945.

After operating northwest of the Admiralties, Lansdowne and Lardner operated with DesRon 2, escorting Seventh Fleet escort carriers during landings on New Guinea&rsquos north coast and air attacks on Palau, Yap and Ulithi. After a refit at Pearl Harbor in May, Lansdowne spent June operating with Fifth Fleet in the Marianas, then returned to Bremerton for another overhaul.

From October to the following May, she was assigned to escort and patrol duty in the Carolines. Transferred to Okinawa, where she was narrowly missed by a suicide plane on one occasion, she joined Third Fleet carriers operating off Japan in the final days of the war.

On 27 August, with Buchanan and Lardner, Lansdowne escorted South Dakota into Sagami Wan and into Tokyo Bay two days later.

On 2 September, Lansdowne transported the Japanese delegation to the surrender ceremony then operated with units of the Allied Prisoner of War Rescue Group until 15 October, when she sailed for the East Coast via Singapore, Colombo and Capetown. She arrived at the Brooklyn Navy Yard in December 1945.

Lansdowne decommissioned at Charleston 2 May 1946 then was recommissioned and transferred to Turkey, 10 June 1949. She served as Gaziantep (D-344) until 1973.

Roanoke Colony deserted

John White, the governor of the Roanoke Island colony in present-day North Carolina, returns from a supply-trip to England to find the settlement deserted. White and his men found no trace of the 100 or so colonists he left behind, and there was no sign of violence. Among the missing were Ellinor Dare, White’s daughter and Virginia Dare, White’s granddaughter and the first English child born in America. August 18 was to have been Virginia’s third birthday. The only clue to their mysterious disappearance was the word 𠇌ROATOAN” carved into the palisade that had been built around the settlement. White took the letters to mean that the colonists had moved to Croatoan Island, some 50 miles away, but a later search of the island found none of the settlers.

The Roanoke Island colony, the first English settlement in the New World, was founded by English explorer Sir Walter Raleigh in August 1585. The first Roanoke colonists did not fare well, suffering from dwindling food supplies and Indian attacks, and in 1586 they returned to England aboard a ship captained by Sir Francis Drake. In 1587, Raleigh sent out another group of 100 colonists under John White. White returned to England to procure more supplies, but the war with Spain delayed his return to Roanoke. By the time he finally returned in August 1590, everyone had vanished.

In 1998, archaeologists studying tree-ring data from Virginia found that extreme drought conditions persisted between 1587 and 1589. These conditions undoubtedly contributed to the demise of the so-called Lost Colony, but where the settlers went after they left Roanoke remains a mystery. One theory has them being absorbed into an Indian tribe known as the Croatans.

McCook I DD- 252 - History

Program Management Tool for Aerospace

Proposal Development

The Department of Defense (DD) Form 254 “Contract Security Classification Specification” provides a contractor (or a subcontractor) the security requirements, classification guidance, and handling procedures for classified material received and/or generated on a classified contract. The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requires that a DD Form 254 be incorporated in each classified contract, and the National Industrial Security Operating Manual (NISPOM) (4-103a) requires that a DD 254 be issued by the government with each Invitation for Bid, Request for Proposal (RFP), or Request for Quote (ROQ).

The Government uses the DD Form 254 to convey security requirements to contractors when contract performance requires access to classified information.

DD Form 250 Development

See the guide below for preparing the DD Form 254 for more information.

  • Form: DD Form 254 “Contract Security Classification Specification” – April 2018
  • Instructions: DD 254 Instructions – April 2018
  • Submission: DD Form 254 “NCCS Implementation Guidance”

DD Form 254 Review Requirement

The DD Form 254 is required to be reviewed every two years. The program should conduct this review in coordination with the program manager of the requiring activity and contracting office to ensure that existing security requirements are consistent with the contract requirements.

If the review is performed and no changes are required, the program will provide the Contracting Officer with a copy of the review. The Contracting Officer will then send to the contractor, in writing, notification that the DD Form 254 remains valid until the next review or a change occurs in the program.

If the review is performed and changes have required the program and ISS must provide the Contracting Officer with a revised copy. The Contracting Officer will then prepare a bilateral modification to the contract incorporating the new DD Form 254.

DD Form 254 Update Requirement

Revisions to the DD Form 254 will be completed whenever the security guidance or pertinent information changes, or when a change in mission occurs impacting the contract, to ensure security requirements remain current and relevant throughout the contract lifecycle. This includes contractor address changes if they are performing classified work at their facility.

DD Form 254 Electronic Submission

The National Industrial Security Program Contracts Classification System (NCCS) module of the Procurement Integrated Enterprise Environment (PIEE) is used for the electronic submission of the DD Form 254.

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